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Summary of Fundamental Strategies in the Game

The fundamental backgammon strategies include the running game, holding game, blitz, priming game, and the back game. There are other strategies in backgammon but everything else generally falls into either of the five fundamental strategies mentioned. An example is the two-way forward game, which is a mix of two of the fundamental strategies (i.e. the priming game plus backgammon blitz). We'll give a brief summary for each fundamental backgammon strategy.

We can say that the running game is the most basic of all the fundamental strategies. The idea behind this fundamental strategy is to quickly bring all backgammon checkers to your home board. This strategy is quite similar to a race and takes on the central theme of backgammon. This strategy is ideal when you lead in the pip count. However, before engaging your opponent in a race you should also evaluate your own position on the board.

If the running game plays safe moves and engages players in a race the blitz takes on a darker shade of the game. This fundamental strategy won't go for a race among checkers but would rather go for offensive threats and hits. Beginners may sometimes be afraid to try a blitz since they would most likely try to make safe moves instead. The idea behind the blitz is to hit checkers and contain them and build the home board to gain a better position. After prisoners are secure, the second phase of the blitz is to bring home the rest of the backgammon checkers.

A blitz can start at the opening stage of a backgammon game when you hit one or two blots. This fundamental strategy brings in a lot of excitement on the board with high risks, which means that the advantage can swing to either side very quickly.

The priming game is the powerhouse among the fundamental strategies in backgammon. This strategy is reminiscent of the phalanx formation where a huge wall of backgammon checkers pin opposing checkers down on your home board. That is the essential idea behind the priming game, which is to physically trap your opponent's checkers while the rest of your men escape with ease.

The holding game is a fundamental strategy that works very well when you enter the mid-game in backgammon. You would usually have one anchor or more points made that hold back your opponent's checkers from escaping. The positions of the anchors play a significant role in the holding game.

The back game is a subtle strategy that is not readily recommended for beginners. A back game will have two or more anchors on your opponent's home board. These will threaten to hit any blot coming in. The second phase of this strategy is to make more points on your home board making it a secure trap.

These are the fundamental strategies in backgammon. You'll find others but they would most likely be based on these five fundamental game plans.